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The objective of this course is to introduce the students to Forensic Biology, its history, methods and the application of biological evidence to a court.
The ultimate goal of forensic biology is to prove the link between perpetrators and biological evidence found at crimes scenes. The concept of biological evidence, its basic types, as well as the methods of its collection and characterization are considered. The class focuses on human identification using the serological, biochemical, and genetic methods. Students intensively study. The course includes lectures as well as anokhina i.p alcolismo in-class presentations, anokhina i.p alcolismo of criminal cases, and the statistical evaluation of biological evidence and population databases.
This course introduces students to science principles and the manner in which those principles are applied within various fields of the forensic sciences. Students who complete this course will be able to.
Molecular biology techniques are used in many fields, ranging from basic biological research to forensic identifications. Polymerase chain reaction PCRone of the basic techniques that students will study in the Spring semester is routinely used for determining personal identities from crime and accident scenes, checking for pathogens, evaluating evolutionary relatedness anokhina i.p alcolismo species, and measuring genetic variation and levels of gene expression.
Students will gain skills needed for working in genetics, forensic, animal and plant biology laboratories that utilize molecular biology technology. They will learn how anokhina i.p alcolismo perform basic techniques of molecular biology in three class modules:. This course is designed for undergraduates majoring in biology, including general biology, pre-health science, and fisheries and wildlife biology majors. The class is also suited to students in related disciplines like biochemistry, chemistry, forensic science, nursing, and psychology.
The first half of the class is focused on the foundations of Mendelian and molecular genetics. In the second half, these concepts are expanded to more advanced topics. Advances in genetics and genomics touch upon virtually anokhina i.p alcolismo aspect of our lives from our own health i. The genetic diversity of human populations as well as differences between individual genomes form the basis of medical and forensic genetics.
In this interdisciplinary course students consider the basic laws and concepts of population genetics and their specific applications to our understanding of genetic diseases, phenotypic traits and individual identity.
The course includes lectures as well as computer lab sessions and exercises, student in-class presentations and discussions of research articles. Students also perform computer analysis of human genetic diversity and make inferences about the evolutionary processes in human populations. Molecular genetics, bioinformatics, ancient biomolecules, forensic genetics, and cytogenetics are considered together with evidence from physical anthropology, archaeology, and linguistics to address human-ape evolutionary relations, modern human origins, and recent human population histories and dispersals.
Anokhina i.p alcolismo the course is divided into three parts: molecular genetics, classical genetics, and human genetics. Two minute lectures each week introduce the key concepts and facilitate understanding of the basic terms. One discussion section per week is used to review the material covered in the lectures. This interdisciplinary course explores the origins and development of the major concepts in genetics from Mendel and Darwin to the whole-genome technologies.
A role of anokhina i.p alcolismo scientific approaches, technologies, and model organisms in our understanding and transformation of the core genetic concepts is examined. The basic attention is directed to the review of the primary and most important secondary sources. This three-day anokhina i.p alcolismo includes the necessary techniques to isolate, amplify, sequence human mitochondrial DNA and introduces students to the comparative analysis of human mitochondrial genomes.
The course is essential for students specializing in forensic, ancient, population, and medical genetics. Ovchinnikov, I. PLoS One, 13 818 pages.
Hominin evolution and gene flow in the Pleistocene Africa. Anthropologischer Anzeiger — Journal of Biological and Clinical Anthropology, 70 2 : — Goodwin, W. Neanderthal mitochondrial DNA. Reconstructing the mitochondrial genomes of extinct hominins using a bioinformatics approach. Genome digging: Insight into the mitochondrial genome anokhina i.p alcolismo Homo. PLoS One5: e 11 pages. Neanderthal DNA.
Ancient DNA and the Neanderthals. In: Bandelt, H. Nucleic Acids and Molecular Biology, Vol. Berlin — Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, — Goodwin W, Ovchinnikov I. In: Cooper, D. Nature Encyclopedia of the Human Genome. London: Nature Publishing Group,Vol. Ovchinnikov Anokhina i.p alcolismo, Goodwin W. The isolation and identification of Neanderthal mitochondrial DNA.
Profiles in DNA4, 2: anokhina i.p alcolismo Neanderthal DNA anokhina i.p alcolismo the Caucasus and population genetics of archaic humans.
Anokhina i.p alcolismo I. Nature Mathews, L. Large differences between LINE-1 amplification rates in the human and chimpanzee lineages. American Journal of Human Anokhina i.p alcolismo Genomic characterization of recent human LINE-1 insertions: Evidence supporting random transposition.
Genome Research Whole human mitochondrial DNA sequencing. Methods in Molecular Biology, Anokhina i.p alcolismo. New York: Springer Humana Press. Legal Medicine, — Ancient human DNA from Sungir? Journal of Human Evolution Electrophoresis Molecular genetic sex determination of Medieval human remains from North Russia: Comparison with archaeological and anthropological criteria.
Anokhina i.p alcolismo Anzeiger Rogaev, E. Comparison of mitochondrial DNA sequences of T. Russian Journal of Genetics Jacob, W. Berlin,V. High degraded DNA typing for discrimination of decomposed human remains after explosion. In: Advances in Forensic Sciences. Use of the polymerase chain reaction for typing allelic variants of the human HLA-DQA1 gene by hybridization with oligonucleotide probes specific for particular alleles.
Molecular Biology Moscow Bratislava, European Journal of Neurology7: Anokhina, I. Biological mechanisms of individual predisposition to psychoactive drug abuse. Human Physiology Moscow26, 6: Journal of Medical Genetics anokhina i.p alcolismo, Polymorphism of dopamine receptor D2 and D4 genes among alcohol-dependent subjects with Slavic surnames.
Anokhina i.p alcolismo Biology4: Illarioshkin, S. Korsakov Journal of Neurology and Anokhina i.p alcolismo Moscow99, 8: Hereditary alcoholism: some neuro-chemical and genetic mechanisms. Anokhina i.p alcolismo of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences6: Spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 in Russia.
Journal of Neurology The use of synthetic oligonucleotide primers anokhina i.p alcolismo prenatal diagnosis of sex in chorionic villi via the polymerase chain reaction. Nucleic Acids Research19 Suppl.
The use of polymerase chain reaction for amplification of DNA from paraffin-embedded tissues in patients with hepatitis B virus infection. Ignite the Future. By clicking any link on this page you are giving your consent for us to set cookies, Privacy Information. Skip to main content. Home Directory Igor Ovtchinnikov. Genetics of Anokhina i.p alcolismo and Animal Domestication … and many other fascinating things.