DANNI DA ALCOL
Alcohol consumption in Russia remains among the highest in the world. According to a report by the World Health Organizationannual per capita consumption of alcohol in Russia was about Russia currently implements a variety of anti- alcoholism measures banning spirits and beer trade at night, raising taxes, and others.
According to medical officials, these policies have resulted in a il burattinaio da alcolismo in Minsk fall of alcohol consumption volumes, to Alcohol producers claim that falling legal consumption is accompanied by growth in sales of illegally produced drink. High volumes of alcohol consumption have serious negative effects on Russia's social fabric and bring political, economic and public health ramifications.
Alcoholism has been a problem throughout the country's history because drinking is a pervasive, socially acceptable behaviour in Russian society  and alcohol has also been a major source of government revenue for centuries. It has repeatedly been targeted as a major national problem,   with mixed results. Alcoholism in Russia has, according to some authors, acquired a character of a national disaster   and has the scale of a humanitarian catastrophe.
Legend holds that the tenth-century Russian prince Vladimir the Great rejected Islam as a state religion for the country because of its prohibition of alcohol. In average alcohol consumption was said to be 11 bottles per capita per year.
Petersburg were estimated to be alcoholics in At the beginning of World War Iprohibition was introduced in the Russian Empirelimiting the sale of hard liquor to restaurants.
After the Bolshevik Party came to power, they made repeated attempts to reduce consumption in the Soviet Union. The campaign was temporarily successful in reducing per capita alcohol consumption and improving quality-of-life measures such as life expectancies and crime rates, but it was deeply unpopular among the population and it ultimately failed. Ina new alcohol excise stamp known as the EGAIS system was introduced, allowing to identify every bottle sold in Il burattinaio da alcolismo in Minsk through a centralized data system.
InRussian President Dmitry Medvedev nearly doubled the il burattinaio da alcolismo in Minsk price of a bottle of vodka in an effort to combat the problem. Ina national ban on sales of all types of alcoholic beverages from 11 p.
The Il burattinaio da alcolismo in Minsk government has proposed reducing the state minimum price of vodka in reaction to the —15 Russian financial crisis. In December49 people in Irkutsk died in a mass methanol poisoning. In recent years, alcohol related deaths in Russia have dropped dramatically year over year falling to 6, in from 28, in and continuing to decline into InGennadi Onishenko, the country's chief public health official, voiced his concern over the nearly threefold rise in alcohol consumption over the past 16 years; one in eight deaths was attributed to alcohol-related diseases, playing a major role in Russia's population decline.
National Human Development Report, Russian males born in had a life expectancy of just over 60 years, or 17 years fewer than western Europeans, while Russian females could expect to live 13 years longer than their male counterparts.
In Junethe Public Chamber of Russia reported overalcohol-related deaths annually, noting that Russians consume about 18 litres 4. In the early s, an estimated "two-thirds of murders and violent crimes were committed by intoxicated persons; and drunk drivers were responsible for 14, traffic deaths and 60, serious traffic injuries".
Insuicide claimed 38, lives in Russia. Heavy alcohol use il burattinaio da alcolismo in Minsk a significant factor in the suicide rate, with an estimated half of all suicides a result of alcohol abuse. This is il burattinaio da alcolismo in Minsk by the fact that Russia's suicide rate since the mid-'90s has declined alongside per capita alcohol consumption, despite the economic crises since then; alcohol consumption is more of a factor than economic conditions.
Prophylactoriums, medical treatment centres, were established in to treat alcoholics and prostitutes. By there were five in Moscow.
From the s and s until the mids, the main treatment for alcoholism in Russia was conditioned response therapy.
This treatment has since fallen out of favour, and the modern mainstream treatment has become pharmacotherapywhich involves detailed analyses of each patient, medicinal treatment, psychotherapysociotherapyand other support. One alternative therapy for alcoholism that has been used in Russia is the practice of " coding ", in which therapists pretend to insert a "code" into patients' brains with the ostensible effect that drinking even il burattinaio da alcolismo in Minsk amounts of alcohol will be extremely harmful or even lethal.
Despite not being recommended in Russian clinical guidelines, it has enjoyed considerable popularity. In recent years its use has lessened, due to the spread of information about its ineffectiveness. Alcohol consumption in Russia.
See also: Demographics of Russia. Further information: Crime in Russia and Domestic violence in Russia.
Further information: Suicide in Russia. Russian Cross Vodka Belt List of federal subjects of Russia by incidence of substance abuse List of countries by alcohol consumption per capita.
Retrieved February 26, October 17, March 19, RIA Novosti. Il burattinaio da alcolismo in Minsk 14, November 9, Alcohol and Alcoholism. Oxford Journals. Time magazine. Archived from the original on 25 May Retrieved May 10, Socialist Health Association. Retrieved 26 May The Times. Retrieved 4 September Il burattinaio da alcolismo in Minsk Post.
Retrieved 1 January The New York Times. Retrieved 19 December Associated Press. Retrieved The Lancet. June 25, September 24, Jackson; Nancy Traver October 21, Retrieved May 12, British Medical Journal.
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